Shah Diamond

Another exhibit from the Moscow Kremlin’s Diamond Fund is the Shah Diamond, an 88.7 carat, yellow-tinged, and extremely clear gem of Indian origin that bears inscriptions on three facets. A deep cut in the diamond indicates that it was worn as a talisman. It is believed that the diamond was discovered in the Golconda mines in India in the 16th century, before they were abandoned.
According to Tavernier’s description, in 1665, the diamond was suspended by a thread before the throne of the Great Moghuls, so that a shah sitting on the throne could look at it all the time. In 1829, Russian diplomat and poet Alexander Griboyedov was murdered in Persia, and the Shah sent his grandson to St. Petersburg to offer gifts to Nicholas I to avoid a diplomatic fallout. The Shah diamond – the greatest treasure of the Persian shahs was among these gifts.

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